Most Densely Populated Countries in the World
Do you want to know what are the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world in 2023 and what is the population and area of those countries? Singapore is the most densely populated country in the world with over one million people. Here we have listed the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world in 2023. Let’s look at it!
Note: This list only includes countries with a population of over one million people.
10. Rwanda: 1,324 sq mi
With more than 1 million people, Rwanda is the 10th most densely populated country in the world in 2023. Rwanda’s population density, even after the 1994 genocide, is one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa at 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. There are few villages in this country, and almost every family lives in a self-sustaining compound on a hill. Urban concentrations are grouped around administrative centers. More than half of the country’s adult population is literate, but more than 5% have not received secondary education.
Additionally, according to the 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, the total population in 2018 was 12,301,970, compared to only 2,072,000 in 1950. The proportion of children under the age of 15 in 2010 was 42.6%, with 54.7% between the ages of 15 and 65. While 2.7% were 65 years of age or older.
- Area: 26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi)
- Population: 13.46 million
- Density: 511 km2 (1,324 sq mi)
09. South Korea: 1,340 sq mi
South Korea ranks ninth among the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world in 2023. It has a total population of over 51.83 million, and an area of 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). In June 2012, South Korea’s population reached 50 million, and by the end of 2016, South Korea’s population had exceeded 51 million people. South Korea’s total fertility rate has declined in recent years, leading some researchers to suggest that if current trends continue, the country’s population will shrink to around 28 million people by the end of the 21st century.
Additionally, fertility in South Korea in 2018 became the subject of international debate after only 26,500 babies were born in October and an estimated 325,000 babies for the year, allowing the country to achieve one of the lowest birth rates in the world. In another sign of a dramatic decline in South Korea’s fertility, the country recorded more deaths than births in 2020, resulting in a population decline for the first time since modern records began.
- Area: 100,148 km2 (38,667 sq mi)
- Population: 51.83 million
- Density: 518 km2 (1,340 sq mi)
08. Mauritius: 1,709 sq mi
Mauritius ranks eighth among the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world in 2023. It has a total population of over 1.29 million, and an area of 760 sq mi. Mauritian society includes people from many different ethnic groups, as well as a significant population of mixed-race people. Most of the inhabitants of the republic are descendants or partial descendants of the people of India. Mauritius also has substantial populations from continental Africa, China, France, Great Britain and the East African island nation of Madagascar.
Furthermore, according to the 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, the total population in 2018 was 1,267,185 compared to 479,000 in 1950. The proportion of the population below 15 years of age was 21.9% in 2010. 71.2% were between the ages of 15 and 65, with 6.9% being 65 years of age or older.
- Area: 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi)
- Population: 1.29 million
- Density: 660 km2 (1,709 sq mi)
07. Taiwan: 1,760 sq mi
Taiwan is the 7th most densely populated country in the world by 2023. It has a population of more than twenty three million, and its population density is about 651 inhabitants per square kilometer. Taiwan has a population of about 23.85 million, spread over a total land area of about 36,000 km.
Taiwan is a dense country in East Asia. It shares maritime borders with the People’s Republic of China to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. In addition, the main island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometers (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanized population is concentrated. The capital is Taipei, which together with New Taipei and Keelung form the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan.
- Area: 36,193 km2 (13,974 sq mi)
- Population: 23.85 million
- Density: 659 km2 (1,760 sq mi)
06. Lebanon: 1,386 sq mi
Lebanon has a population of 5.59 million and a population density of 535 km2, making it the sixth most densely populated country in the world in 2023, with a population of over 1 million.
Moreover, about 95% of the population of Lebanon is either Muslim or Christian, divided into various sects and denominations. Because the issue of religious balance is a sensitive political issue, a national census has not been conducted since 1932, prior to the founding of the modern Lebanese state. As a result, there is a lack of accurate data on the relative percentages of the population of major religions and groups.
Due to the total inaction of the public agencies concerned, the absence of data and comprehensive statistics also pertains to all other demographic studies unrelated to religious balance. The only recent figures are estimates based on studies conducted by private organizations.
- Area: 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi)
- Population: 5.59 million
- Density: 535 km2 (1,386 sq mi)
05. Palestine: 2,209 sq mi
With a population of more than 1 million, Palestine is one of the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world in 2023. Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook and the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimated (2017) that the collective population in the Palestinian Territories was 4,543,126 people in 2017.
In addition, 2,155,743 billion live in the West Bank, 1,795,183 billion live in Gaza. Stripe, and 391,000 Jews live in the West Bank. About 214,600 Jews live in East Jerusalem. East Jerusalem, once administered by Jordan, came under Israeli occupation after the 1967 Six-Day War.
- Area: 6,020 km2 (2,324 sq mi)
- Population: 5.13 million
- Density: 853 km2 (2,209 sq miles)
04. Bangladesh: 2,955 sq mi
Bangladesh is the eighth most populous country in the world, with about 2.2% of the world’s population. It has a population of 169.3 million and a nominal GDP of $461 billion as of 2023.
Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous, and its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the population. Several dialects of Bengali are spoken throughout the region. The dialect spoken in Chittagong and Sylhet is particularly distinctive. According to the 2011 census Bangladeshis are Muslim (90.4%), followed by Hindus (largest-minority) (8.5%), Buddhists (0.6%) and Christians (0.4%) and others (0.1%).
With a population of over 169 million, Bangladesh is the 4th most densely populated country in the world in 2023. The total fertility rate (TFR) has decreased by more than two-thirds since independence. The current TFR in Bangladesh is 2.1, which is considered a benchmark for replacement level fertility globally.
- Area: 147,570 km2 (56,977 sq mi)
- Population: 169.3 million
- Density: 1,141 km2 (2,955 sq mi)
03. Bahrain: 4,828 sq mi
Bahrain is the third among the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world 2023. Most of Bahrain’s population is concentrated in the two major cities of Manama and Al Muharraq.
Bahrain has a total population of 1.46 million, with a density of 1,864 km2, the third most densely populated in the world, with a density of over 1 million. According to the Ministry of Information Affairs website, 74% of the population is Muslim, with Christians being the second largest religious group, accounting for 10.2% of the population.
In addition, non-residents in Bahrain constitute about 52.6% of the total population who make up more than half of the country’s population. Of them, the vast majority comes from South and Southeast Asia. According to various media reports and government figures between 2005-2009, there are approximately 290,000 Indians, 125,000 Bangladeshis, 45,000 Pakistanis, 45,000 Filipinos and 8,000 Indonesians. 11,000 people from the United Kingdom live in Bahrain, which is 0.73% of its total population.
- Area: 785 km2 (303 sq mi)
- Population: 1.4 million
- Density: 1,864 km2 (4,828 sq mi)
02. Hong Kong: 17,582 sq mi
Hong Kong is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China. With over 7.4 million residents of various nationalities in an area of 1,104 square kilometers (426 sq mi), Hong Kong is the second densely populated country in the world by 2023. Its total density is approximately 6,300 persons per square kilometer.
As of 2020, Hong Kong has one of the lowest birth rates in the world at 0.869 per woman of childbearing age. This is much lower than the replacement rate of 2.1, and it is estimated that 26.8% of the population will be 65 or older in 2033, up from 12.1% in 2005. Hong Kong recorded 8.2 births per 1,000 people in 2005–2010.
Ethnically, Hong Kong mainly consists of Han Chinese who constitute about 92% of the population. Many of these originate from different regions of Guangdong. There are also descendants of immigrants from southern China and elsewhere around the world after the end of World War II.
- Area: 1104 km2 (426 sq mi)
- Population: 7.49 million
- Density: 6,789 km2 (17,582 sq mi)
01. Singapore: 19,727 sq mi
Singapore is the most densely populated country in the world in 2023, with a population of over 1 million people. And by total population it is the third most densely populated sovereign state after Macau and the microstate of Monaco.
The demographics of Singapore includes the population statistics of Singapore such as population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the population, economic status, religious affiliation and other demographic data of the population.
A large percentage of Singapore’s population are not permanent residents. Of its total population of 5.69 million in 2020, 4.04 million were residents (citizens and permanent residents), and 1.65 million were non-residents.
- Area: 728.6 km2 (281.3 sq mi)
- Population: 5.45 million
- Density: 7,617 km2 (19,727 sq mi)